Bachata, origin and history

Many of us know bachata, some of us already take some steps because it has been in fashion for a few years in Europe, but do you know where bachata comes from? How originated? Do you know that originally being a bachatero was a very derogatory term?

To the first question and many of you will have answered that it comes from the Dominican Republic, its origins and its evolution may not be as well known and are very interesting. Today we tell you a little about this story.


Origin and history

Etymologically, bachata means spree, party. Before using this word to name the dance, in the Dominican Republic it was used to refer to any meeting of friends with music that was performed, outside in a courtyard, in a corner of the street or under a tree.

The first references found in the bachata, it is in the 20s of the 20th century, where it describes situations in which there is a gathering of friends, music and dance, in a popular environment, where boleros, son, ranchera and the meringue.

Over the thirties, this type of parties, bachatas, are often given in bars, dating houses and in the poorest neighborhoods of Santo Domingo. This causes bachata to be associated with something vulgar and that the higher social classes reject it.

For a few years the bachata evolves by merging with rhythms like the bolero or the son and introducing instruments such as the güira or the guitars and eliminating others like the maracas, hence for some time this music became known as a guitar bolero.

It was in 1962 when the song Drunk of Love by José Manuel Calderón triumphs under the name of bachata and other titles of his are followed as Human Serpent or Moon. From there, other great musicians joined, such as Rafael Encarnación, Inocencio Cruz, Leonardo Paniagua and others, who helped consolidate bachata as a native rhythm of the Dominican Republic, and all social classes were already beginning to like it.

In 1982 the topic Pena de Luis Segura became popular, with which the bachata definitely ceased to have the negative connotation that dragged and broke all the barriers of social classes.

In 1990 Juan Luis Guerra published his Bachata Rosa theme, getting to be number one in several countries, Dominican Republic, Spain, Ecuador, Mexico, USA, etc.

And a few years later another group would arrive that would mark a before and after in the bachata, the Tinelleres, a group formed by three cousins ​​of the Bronx, who later, in 1999 would change his name for the one of Adventure (now that sounds to you eh;)) and add two more components. His theme Obsession triumphed all over the world and later Rome Santos would separate from the group to start his solo career with highly successful themes.

Currently bachata is spread all over the world and many successful singers make us dance with their songs, such as Romeo Santos, Prince Royce, Daniel Santa Cruz and many more.


The bachata dance

Given the popularity of bachata, different types of ways of dancing are being developed. The two most prominent are:

– Dominican Bachata: the native of the Dominican Republic, full of little steps and with medium and fast speed songs.

– Sensual Bachata: dance emphasizing the movements of arms, hips and body expression, usually with slower songs.

We find another style such as modern bachata, or urban style, and lately bachata tango has won.

We consider ourselves very fortunate to be able to travel to the Dominican Republic and to know first hand its origin and enjoy how people tell you. If you want to join this experience, we have a New Year’s Eve trip to the Dominican Republic, so we are waiting for you!!

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